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We are frequently asked for advice on what training and qualifications are required to become a Veterinary or Animal Physiotherapist (in the UK). This page has been compiled to answer some of the most common questions to become either a:
If you've any further queries please email firstname.lastname@example.org and we will try to help, or alternatively contact the organisations listed at the end of this page for further advice.
Yes and no! The titles 'animal physiotherapist' and 'veterinary physiotherapist aren't currently protected by law in the UK and in theory anyone can call themselves an animal or veterinary physiotherapist.
It should be noted that there are various animal manipulation-related courses that can be undertaken that do not lead to widely recognised qualifications. It's therefore advisable to check to see what professional association your animal physiotherapist is a member of - the four leading ones are listed here:
(1) Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Animal Therapy, (2) National Association of Veterinary Physiotherapists, (3) Institute of Registered Veterinary and Animal Physiotherapists and (4) International Association of Animal Therapists).
These four associations do require certain qualifications to be achieved - more information below.
However, the title 'Chartered Physiotherapist' is protected by law and can only be achieved by obtaining certain recognised qualifications. A Chartered Physiotherapist is someone who has undergone thorough training to achieve their status and has the necessary knowledge to practice human physiotherapy. You may then do further specific acknowledged training in animal or veterinary physiotherapy.
1. Chartered Physiotherapist
To become a chartered physiotherapist you need to train as a human physiotherapist at University and upon successful completion of your degree course, become a State Registered Physiotherapist (registering with the Health Professions Council). A typical physiotherapy course may comprise 3-4 years of full-time study and will include clinical placements. There are some programmes which allow for part-time study, and it is also possible with a relevant degree, to study for an accelerated physiotherapy degree programme.
Once you are a member of the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy, you can then specialise and train to become a Veterinary or Animal Physiotherapist. NB. You will normally have to practice as a human physiotherapist prior to and during specialisation.
2. Animal Physiotherapist or Veterinary Physiotherapist (for Chartered Physiotherapists only)
2. 1. Qualifications to become a Veterinary Physiotherapist -
2.2 The Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Animal Therapy (ACPAT)
3. Other Animal / Veterinary Physiotherapy courses (open to non-Chartered Physiotherapists)
3.3 Canine and Equine Physiotherapy Training (CEPT)
3.4 Writtle College
At completion of the three year undergraduate programme, students can (if successful) then have a professional qualification in equine or canine massage and do not have to complete the fourth year for the masters qualification.
The Integrated Masters programme allows students to apply for membership of the National Association of Veterinary Physiotherapists.
1. You will be able to be a State Registered Physiotherapist and become a member of the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy (and use the title 'MCSP') - these are necessary to train as a Veterinary Physiotherapist with the University of West of England (Hartpury College) and to achieve ACPAT membership.
2. You will also be able to work with humans thus increasing your knowledge and experience. Plus you can work with both the animal and its owner in combination, e.g. horse and rider could receive physiotherapy together to achieve optimum performance.
4. It is only Chartered Physiotherapists (trained in human physiotherapy) once they have received the relevant training in animal therapy who can officially state that they are members of the Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Animal Therapy (ACPAT).
But what if you really do not want to work with people as a physiotherapist? If instead you only want to work with animals, then choosing a course that will enable you to become a member of one of the four leading associations as listed earlier will help you to have the credentials to receive referrals from Veterinary Surgeons and legally work with animals.
As there are several types of animal therapists available, it can sometimes appear confusing to potential customers who're deciding on the most appropriate treatment for their animal. Being a Chartered Physiotherapist means that you're not only suitably qualified to carry out physiotherapy, but will have to maintain up to date knowledge through Continuing Professional Development*. By proving that you've undertaken a rigorous training and achieved nationally recognised qualifications, potential customers know that they're going to receive a good standard of expertise. Plus a Chartered Physiotherapist who's a member of the ACPAT will be professionally regulated not only by them, but also the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy - this may provide reassurance to your potential customers.
Additionally being a registered Member of the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy (MCSP) (or Fellow of the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy (FCSP)), will mean that customers know that you will be governed by a professional code of conduct, and are covered by professional liability insurance*.
*Members of other veterinary/animal physiotherapy related associations may also complete Continuous Professional Development and also have appropriate insurance - check with each for their individual details.
Veterinary Surgeons are only likely to refer customers to you for physiotherapy treatment, if you are fully professionally qualified. Also, most pet/animal insurance companies will only cover physiotherapy in their policies where it's carried out by a professionally qualified animal/veterinary physiotherapist.
Remember - It is an offence for any person, other than the owner of the animal, to treat an animal unless the permission of the vet in charge of the case or to whom the animal would be referred is sought and obtained.
A fully qualified Veterinary/Animal Physiotherapist will always work within the permission of and liaise with the Veterinary Surgeon of the animal.
Salaries will depend on workload and therefore can vary widely. As a rough guide, initial consultation sessions (30minutes to 2hours) can cost from £20 to £70 and follow-up consultations (30minutes to 1 1/2 hours) can cost from £20 to £60. This can also depend on location.
Although positions do sometimes become available in large veterinary practices or private animal physiotherapy practices, most animal/veterinary physiotherapists are self-employed. As a physiotherapist you could work full or part-time, however, you are likely to need to work flexibly to suit the customer. Treatments may take place in stable-yards, veterinary surgeries or hospitals or for small animals, you may also be in the customer's home.
Association of Chartered Animal Physiotherapists or Tel: 01962 844390
Chartered Society of Physiotherapy or Tel: 0207 7306 6666
Harper Adams University College or Tel: 01952 820280
International Association of Animal Therapists or Tel: 01865 358877
National Association of Veterinary Physiotherapists or Tel: 01926 424236
The College of Animal Physiotherapy or Tel: 01865 358877
Royal Veterinary College or Tel: 01707 666333
University of West of England (Hartpury College) or Tel: 0117 3281158